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Central works







Anders Chydenius
- foundation
P.O. Box 567
FIN-67700 Kokkola
Tel. +358 (0)6 829 4111
E-mail: asiamies@chydenius.net

Central works

On-line texts in English
The National Gain

Americanska näfwerbåtar. Åbo 1753.
American Bark Boats
Chydenius´ graduate thesis at the Academy of Turku, a description of the usage and making of the bark canoes of the indians in North America.
Svar På samma Fråga (Om bästa sättet at upodla Mosslupna Ängar). Stockholm 1762. How to Cultivate Mossy Meadows
Reply to an essay competition of the Royal Academy of Sciences.
Svar på samma Fråga (Angående Kärrors Förbättring). Stockholm 1764. The Improvement of Waggons
Chydenius made use of his studies in mechanics for this essay competition.
Wederläggning Af de Skäl, Hwarmed man söker bestrida Öster- och Wästerbottniska Samt Wäster-Norrländske Städerne Fri Seglation. Stockholm 1765. Counter-arguments to Those Who Would Attempt to Oppose Free Navigation between the Towns of Ostrobothnia, Västerbotten and Norland
The attack against trade restriction was one of Chydenius´ first publications during the Diet 1765-66.
Swar På den af Kgl. Wetenskaps Academien förestälta Frågan: Hwad kan wara orsaken, at sådan myckenhet Swenskt folk årligen flytter utur Landet? Stockholm 1765. For What Reason do so Many Swedes Emigrate Every Year?
Chydenius debates the presumed reason for emigration in an essay competition, where he also was developing his central standpoints to-be in the field of economic and social policy.
Källan Til Rikets Wan-Magt. Stockholm 1765. The Source of the Weakness of the Kingdom
Chydenius criticized one of the central statutes of mercantilist economic policy, the Commodity Ordinance.
Den Nationnale Winsten. Wördsamast öfwerlemnad Til Riksens Höglofliga Ständer, Af En Deras Ledamot. Stockholm 1765.
The National Gain
A clear and concise presentation of economic liberalism theory. The most famous of Chydenius´ works.
Omständeligt Swar, På den genom Trycket utkomne Wederläggning af Skriften, Kallad: Källan til Rikets Wanmagt, Jämte Anmärkningar Öfwer De wid samma Källa anstälda Wattu-Prof. Stockholm 1765. In Reply to Critiques Applying to The Source of the Weakness of the Kingdom
The most extensive of Chydenius´ works.
Berättelse Om Chinesiska Skrif-Friheten, Öfversatt af Danskan. Stockholm 1766. A Report on the Freedom of the Press in China
In this text translated by Chydenius, China was presented as the model country of the freedom of press.
Rikets Hjelp, Genom en Naturlig Finance-System. Stockholm 1766. Assisting the Kingdom through a Natural Monetary System
Chydenius´ presentations on monetary policy were not new, but in the inflammable political situation they lead to that Chydenius became dispatched by his own party
Tal Hållet Vid Vår Allernådigste Konungs, Konung Gustaf III:s Höga Kröning, Den 29 Maji 1772. Stockholm 1772. Speech on the Occasion of the Coronation of Gustavus III.
Chydenius had great expectations on the new ruler, but warned him on the other hand of the dangers of despotism.
Svar På Vetenskaps och Vitterhets Samhällets I Götheborg Förestälta Fråga: Huruvida Landthandel för ett Rike i gemen är nyttig eller skadelig, och hvad mon den bidrager til industriens uplifvande eller aftagande? Stockholm 1777. Is Rural Trade Advantageous or Disadvantageous to the Kingdom, and to What Extent does it Affect the Progress or Decline in Means of Livelihood?
Trade in the rural areas was strictly controlled. According to Chydenius the freeing of this trade too, would benefit society.
Tankar Om Husbönders och Tienstehions Naturliga Rätt. Stockholm 1778. Thoughts upon the Natural Rights of Servants and Peasants
In his essay which aroused much sensation, Chydenius advocated the liberation of servants from the despotism of their masters, and the establishing of a free labour market.
Memorial, Angående Religions-Frihet. Stockholm 1779. Memorandum on the Freedom of Religious Faith
In the memorandum which presumably came about from the initiative of Gustavus III, religious liberty for foreigners was required.
Predikningar öfver Tio Guds Bud. Homiletiska försök. Vol. III. St. 2. Upsala 1781 - 1782. Sermons on the Ten Commandments
Chydenius wrote these (and the following) sermons for essay competitions.
Predikningar öfver Andra Hufvudstycket i Catechesen. Homiletiska försök. Vol. VI. St. 2. Stockholm 1784. Sermons on the Second Main Part of the Catechism.
Om Saltpetter-Sjuderierna, särledes i Österbotten. Skrifter af Sällskapet för Allmänne Medborgerlige kunskaper II. Stockholm 1795. Preparation of Saltpetre [potassium nitrate].
It was attempted to make the essential raw materials for powder also in the home country, and Chydenius took part in this work, too.
Tankar om Koppympningen För Finlands Allmoge. K. Finska Hushållnings-Sällskapets Handlingar 1. Åbo 1803. Thoughts on Inoculating against Smallpox for the Finnish People
Chydenius was a pioneer of inoculating against smallpox in the 1750´s, but fifty years later his viewpoints were already outdated: smallpox vaccination was on its way.